Category Archives: Science

A=432 Hz

The Enigma that is A=432 Hz

Known as Verdi’s ‘ A’, the enigma that is A=432 Hz is a pure mathematical tone resonant throughout nature, and as such music played at this frequency exhibits many fundamental health benefits to the listener .  In recent history, according to Dr. Len Horowitz the world underwent the strategic A=432 Hz-1“militarization” of music. In 1939 the tuning of the note ‘A above Middle C’ to 440 Hz was adopted by the British Standards Institute (BSI) following the persuasive endorsement by the Rockefeller consortium. At the precise time WWII preparations were being finalized by the Global War financiers, the musical world followed suite and A=440 became the international standard.

A=432 HzEarlier, In 1917, The American Federation of Musicians adopted the A440 standard pitch  with the U.S. government following suit in 1920. Across the Water in Berlin, Nazi propaganda minister, Joseph Goebbels , argued vehemently in favor of the change, persuading Hitler’s supposed enemies in Britain to adopt the standard tuning as the superior standard.

This Despite, In October 1953, a referendum of 23,000 French musicians voted overwhelmingly against the change, in favour of A=432Hz. This A=432 reference pitch was also strongly endorsed by the Congress of Italian musicians in 1881, and recommended by the physicists Joseph Sauveur and Felix Savart as well as by the Italian scientist Bartolomeo Grassi Landi.

This musical pitch is connected to the numbers used in the construction of a variety of ancient works and sacred places, such as the Great Pyramid of Egypt .Ancient Egyptian and Greek instruments have reportedly been found to be tuned to 432AncientMusic Hz. and is the most practical, optimal, and most resonant tuning we have, while the A=440Hz frequency conflicts with the human energy centers from the heart to the base of the spine, while  alternatively, stimulating ego and left-brain function, suppressing intuition and creative thinking. Interestingly, the difference between 440 and 741 Hz is known in musicology as the Devil’s Interval.  The pitch promotes the suppression of human consciousness, while the frequencies we naturally resonate with, and which are the most biologically and psychologically enhancing are suppressed.

From a Biological Medical perspective, the part of the inner ear that converts acoustic impulses into electrical signals, the cochlea has a seashell-like spiral shape, that when bisected mathematically describe the Fibonacci sequence, or the Golden Ratio/Phi manifest in nature. According to the theoretical precepts of Tuning and Temperament, this recursiveness allows octaves to be decoded at the same point in each layer of the spiral, and may therefore be why we can discern octaves at all, meaning, the cochlea being the shape that it is allows us to identify differences in pitch, without which the octave concept would be almost meaningless and sonically undetectable to us.

The visionary Austrian genius Rudolph Steiner (1861-1925) described it thus:

“Music based on C=128hz (C note in concert A=432hz) will support humanity on its way towards spiritual freedom. The inner ear of the human being is built on C=128 hz.”

The fact that the Golden Ratio is so key in the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape throughout nature suggests that there may be a fundamental relationship between the universal harmonic of 432 that shows up in our solar system and the Golden Ratio.

On a more Esoteric level A=432 is considered bio-energetically enhancing by naturopathsA=432 Hz2 and healers when employed intentionally.  Musician as healers will often employ the Solfeggio frequencies to activate the human energy centers for people seeking the benefits of a more transcendental treatment. The Solfeggio C at 528 Hz is widely associated with DNA activation, repair, and human transformation.  This higher harmonic is the ignition switch for our bioenergetic anatomy turbo blasting our compassion, empathy, and intuition.  There is evidence to suggest that A=440Hz tuning (above scientific “C” Prime=128/256/512 Hz, where A=432 Hz) disassociates the connection of consciousness to the body and creates anti-social conditions in humanity. The preference of modern musicians to play consonance, or Equal Temperament diminishes perception of tone and resonant harmony.

Adversely, A=440 tuning may produce a dissonant or aggressive effect on the mindSoffagio creating contraindications in consciousness due to DNA’s innate sound-light translation mechanism. Many people appear to endorse the view that, while A=440 music is more exciting it is more mind-oriented and disconnected from the human feeling centres, particularly the heart.  Disconnecting the heart from the brain is globally catastrophic  for many reasons, but fundamentally, it disconnects us from our innate wisdom and compassion as sentient beings, thus disconnecting us from each other and the other intelligent beings we share this planet with (not to mention the planet itself which is a living intelligence.

The founder of cymatics, and the leading acoustician in Beethoven’s time was Ernst Chladni (1756-1827), His music theory textbook explicitly defined C as 256/512 Hz, the “scientific” tuning. (The A above middle C in this standard scale is 432 Hz.)

On a macro-cosmic level there is a definitive correlation between the 432 and the number of completion arising from the solar constant having to do with the  completeness of the material world. Point of fact and for example the Diameter of the sun is equal to 864,000 miles (432 x 2). 8+6+4 = 18 (1+ 8) = 9 being the number of completion.  The Diameter of moon is 2,160 miles (5 x 432 = 2,160)  2+1+6+0 resolves to a 9, as does 4+3+2 = 9 and 5 x 9 = 45 and 4 + 5 = 9.  While the Precession of the Equinoxes of Earth amounts to 25,920 years (60 x 432) [x] 2+5+9+2+0 also equals 9, while 6 x 9 = 54 and 5 + 4 = 9 also.

Using 256Hz as the reference for C (where A=432), all occurrences of C are a power of 2.SoffagioChart The Schumann resonance,or earth’s electromagnetic heartbeat existing within the atmosphere between the earth’s surface and our ionisphere, ranges from about 7.83 to 8 Hz on average, very close to 23. Not surprising considering the frequency of earth’s axial rotation: “Earth’s ‘pitch’ (cycles per second/Hertz) as it rotates is G, a fourth below the theoretical C that lies 24 octaves below middle C, when C=256Hz. So C=256/A=432 is in tune with the Earth’s rotation,” which is “in tune” with the speed of light, which is “in tune” with the diameter of the sun, which is “in tune” with the diameter of the moon, which is “in tune” with the precession of the equinoxes.Soffagio4

432 squared is 186,624 (1+8+6+6+2+4 = 9),  being within 1 percent accuracy of the speed of light, (186,282 miles per second, which also resolves to a 9). The square root of the measured speed of light is 431.6. Therefore notes tuned relative to A432 harmonize directly with the light body allowing the vibrations to penetrate, and through entrainment, bring energetic essences into balance.


Jet Fuel From Sea Water

U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers to transport production and delivery system for producing jet fuel made from Sea Water

In an uncharacteristic and equally bold move by U.S. Defense Military Researchers are hoping to take advantage of the vast potential of safe, zero-emissions, low-cost energy that comes from 4th generation nuclear reactors. Naval Research Laboratories in Florida has successfully developed a technology that synthesizes jet fuel from only sea water and electricity.
With all of their ships and planes, the navy has become hopelessly dependant by neccessity on both diesel and jet fuel. Unfortunately, many of the regions that contain large sources of petroleum, have political interests in direct opposition to the United States. This dependancy is also increasingly expensive and more often than not detrimental to the environment.
A team headed by Heather Willauer at Naval Research Laboratories has over a period of 12 years formulated a technique that can use carbon dioxide/hydrogen from seawater and electricity from small modular nuclear reactors found aboard some navy ships to synthesize both F-76 diesel and JP-5 jet fuel.

Ocean water is subjected to a reverse osmosis procedure that produces fresh water, the process takes place in situ at sea where there is abundant resource of water and can’t simply start with fresh water.The second process separates out all the fresh water’s atoms then, the hydrogen meets with the carbon dioxide from the first step to all go through a catalytic conversion procedure that results in water, heat and fuel. The water and heat can be used to help power the process itself or used elsewhere on the ship.The process will require some kind of seperate power source with Ocean thermal energy conversion or nuclear power being the main contenders to keep the machinery running.

German Concept Car that Runs on Salt Water
Concept Car from Germany runs on Salt Water

By temporarily lowering the pH of the seawater to a value of 4.5 and removing 92% of the carbon dioxide, the CO2 along with elemental hydrogen from electrolysis runs through a specialized catalyst that synthesizes longer hydrocarbon chains. This produces a fuel that is far superior to the product currently being used by the Navy. Though it takes about 23,000 gallons of water to produce 1 gallon of JP-5 jet fuel, using available technology we can potentially manufacture 41,000 gallons per day from a single ship carrying a 100mW reactor. The entire navy fleet could be fueled with roughly 5 vessels carrying these systems, and they do not necessarily need to be devoted fuel manufacturing vessels .A cost analysis for the navy reactors puts the price of delivered fuel using this new fuel synthesis system at ~$2.90 which is much friendlier than the current ~$7.00+. With higher-temperature 4th generation reactor designs, this price could substantially be reduced, due to the fact that water dissociates at the high operating temperatures of these reactors thus making electrolysis redundant.

What Jet Fuel Looks Like

Almost all of the research and experimentation behind the chemical concept has been successfuly completed, including the catalyzers, membranes, fuel synthesis and specifications. Now engineering issues of scaling up,fortifying and mobilizing the technology are the paramount concerns in making synthesized fuel available to our navy and military.
Its Military Applications aside, here we have the potential to provide consumers with carbon-neutral transportation fuels that are not subject to supply and demand?  Electricity from nuclear power is currently more expensive for civilians than it is for military, so an analysis puts the price for transportation fuels from civilian power at $5.90 per gallon, which is substantially more than a gallon of fossil-derived gasoline. The price is worth it when you consider the potential to supersede the existant petro-reliant global economy and the world-wide adoption of a fuel from a carbon-neutral source.

E-CEM Carbon Capture Skid. Electrolytication-exchange-module

Nuclear energy has the distinguished potential of being able to profitably synthesize transportation fuels from gasoline to methanol which can be used in place of diesel. By synthesizing fuel, we will no longer be a slave to digging holes in the ground to fuel our transportation infrastructure. The oil and fossil fuel companies will lose their monopoly on record profits from fluctuations in a market based on a finite resource, energy will simply be too abundant.

Delivering Drugs via wi-fi into the Brain

Implantable Drug Delivery System

Dr. Michael Bruchas is a senior researcher on the team responsible for technology that has been developed in the form of a microchip implant that allows drugs to be administered to the brain. What’s next? -Video games intravenously injected into children’s veins? What does this new technology mean for main stream science and what challenging questions does it pose for neuroethicists. With rapid technological advancements like these that interfere with complex autonomous organic structures, serious moral and ethical questions abound, impinging on the field of ethics.

Though this particular device has only been tested in mice a new implant has been developed by a team of researchers that wirelessly delivers drugs to the brain without any contribution from the patient. One has to ask will the chip also be able to transmit information such as: medical history; make analysis, and possess the capacity and authority to administer a Direct Debit account to make payments for treatment. Bruchas looks forward to the future, and hopes such devices will one day be used in human subjects.micropumps-2

Minuscule in design,no wider than a human hair, and as imperceptible. The device is a marriage of brain implants with a remote control drug delivery system with the capacity to genetically modify individual neurons (which has Civil Liberties analysts reeling). To demonstrate the amount of control this device has over a brain, investigators made mice walk in circles by injecting a morphine-like drug directly into their ventral tegmental area (VTA), a brain region responsible for motivation and reward.
This newest advancement compares to previous techniques used on psychiatric patients in the Archaic 70’s whereby electrodes or injections of substances were directed into the brains of humans and animals

Dr. Frederic Gilbert, a Bioethicists at the Australian Research Council, councils caution. “As in many fields, the ethical questions are often raised too late in the development of novel technologies; optogenetics is no stranger to this.”

A mouse's memory is recorded by sensors connected to its head East China Normal University in Shanghai
A mouse’s memory is recorded by sensors connected to its head East China Normal University in Shanghai

Opto-genetics is a branch of neuro-science that uses photostimulation to control neurons that have been genetically sensitized to light. This new device has optogenetic capability. This raises several ethical questions, such as, does being an optogenetically implanted person make you ‘other’ than human? With respect to the new wireless implant, who or what will control administration of the drugs? If it’s an automated system there is no oversight in real-time as it were, how does the patient retain a sense of agency?

Obtaining consent from human patients, if the technology were to cross-over to human use, could prove problematic especially if they’re mentally ill. Which poses another question: What kind of drugs will be dispensed and for what purposes? Serious moral objections to the non-medical use of cognitive enhancement pharmaceuticals such as Adderall and Ritalin—that make people “speedier” and more focused—have been made in the past. These drugs are argued to give people an edge over everyone else, and only those with resources can access them. Call on scientists to keep in mind the somber history of neuro-science and psycho-surgery.

Electro-Shock-Therapy rears its Ugly Head
Electro-shock-Therapy Rears Its Ugly Head

In the 30s and ’40s, doctors and the press extolled electro-shock therapy and frontal lobe lobotomy as miracle treatments; even President John F. Kennedy’s sister, Rosemary, was lobotomized. Nevertheless these treatments were adopted by the criminality and the medical constabulary alike in the torture of marginalized people. And also its use by the CIA in the research of Mind control and behavior manipulation, irreparably damaging to the recipients.
While we shouldn’t let this history prevent us from acknowledging the benefits these

disciplines have produced and their potential to alleviate human suffering in the future, it is also a sober reminder that breakthrough scientists can be selectively naive about the purposes to which their discoveries are likely to be put.
In defence of this technology Bruchas submits- “We are developing this with the intent of helping mental health disorders and neurological disease. We’re putting this knowledge out there with the idea that this is going to help people.”
Although hopeful, Bruchas remains cautious with regards to the potential magnitude of his work. “You do want to be thinking about these issues because this space does move very rapidly, and if it moves too rapidly without taking a step back and thinking about it, that’s a risk you take.”

George Orwell was Right: The Future is 1984

‘Where Federal policies have been designed to reflect behavioral science insights, they have substantially improved outcomes for the individuals, families, communities, and businesses those policies serve. For example, automatic enrollment and automatic escalation in retirement savings plans have made it easier to save for the future, and have helped Americans accumulate billions of dollars in additional retirement savings. Similarly, streamlining the application process for Federal financial aid has made college more financially accessible for millions of students-.’

-Or Life according to DAARPA.

‘….To more fully realize the benefits of behavioral insights and deliver better results at a lower cost for the American people, the Federal Government should design its policies and programs to reflect our best understanding of how people engage with, participate in, use, and respond to those policies and programs. By improving the effectiveness and efficiency of Government, behavioral science insights can support a range of national priorities, including helping workers to find better jobs; enabling Americans to lead longer, healthier lives; improving access to educational opportunities and support for success in school; and accelerating the transition to a low-carbon economy.’

So reads the latest Executive Order sold to the Presidency by the Military Industrial Complex.

Psy-Op Amerika: Enlightenment and Propaganda. The latest catch-phrase in the campaign to establish the New Order of the Ages. This New Deal reads like a vulgarisation of Nazi Germany’s Ministry of Enlightenment and Propaganda and the Soviet Union’s Ministry of Inside Things. The Executive order is being Marketed to the general Public by President Obama as-
“Using Behavioral Science Insights to Better Serve the American People.” What he really means is the mobilisation of Government forces for systematic use of Behavior Modification and Brain Washing on the General Public. The Nazi’s it seems didn’t lose the war they just moved to America.”

Psychological Operations or more commonly: Psy-ops are ostensibly Procedures to carry specific information and trigger audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of organizations, groups, and individuals. The mechanics of which are detailed in the Military Psychological Operations Manual.

The Document explains that a growing body of evidence demonstrates that research findings from fields such as behavioral economics and the psychology of decision making and how people act on them can be used to design government policies to better serve the American people ( Read here: The Corporate interests of the Aristocracy). Prepare to be “nudged.”

Named ‘nudging’ after ‘Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, the book co-authored by Cass Sunstein, who incidently is a former administrator of Obama’s Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. The high concept extropolates that the government can make something that they want to occur the default action. There will be an allusion of choice that may offer a recipient an alternative, but it will be made to be costly and timely. They’ll make their options seem like the correct ones but in reality they will be the only choice. Employing semantics. (i.e. calling Obamacare a “tax,” in place of a “penalty” if you refuse to sign up.
For example, they might make people think it’s their own idea to be afraid of guns, to want to be vaccinated, and to restrict the use of utilities for the greater good, promoting a lack of critical thinking.
Behavior modification and crowd control are now official policies of the US Government, and soon the world.
Media advertising and the use of subliminal messages to manipulate the viewer into behaving in a certain way is nothing new. Now, it’s officially the policy of the American government to psychologically manipulate the public. The desired ideologies of the ruling classes will be reinforced by media, entertainment, popular culture, and the government. The Global populace will be little more than test subjects of psychological experiments without their knowledge and consent.

Point of fact: Facebook had been secretly experimenting with manipulating its account holders by inserting certain things in their time line to manipulate their moods? Expect this behavior on a broader and more targeted scale from every possible direction now, because it’s official policy.
A fact sheet sent out by the White House shows that researchers at numerous universities and think tanks — from MIT, Harvard, and the Brookings Institute, have signed on to the program.

The groundwork was laid in 2013, Fox News reported that the White House had created a “Behavioral Insights Team” to influence the actions and opinions of the American people. From the 2013 White House document seeking behavioral scientists to implement the plan, this is based on a similar program in the UK.
A growing body of evidence suggests that insights from the social and behavioral sciences can be used to help design public policies that work better, cost less, and help people to achieve their goals. The practice of using behavioral insights to inform policy has been highly successful overseas. In 2010, UK Prime Minister David Cameron commissioned the Behavioural Insights Team (BIT), which through a process of rapid, iterative experimentation has successfully identified and tested interventions that will further advance priorities of the British government.

The federal government is currently creating a new team that will help build federal capacity to experiment with these approaches, and to scale behavioral interventions that have been rigorously evaluated, using, where possible, randomized controlled trials.

The Planet of the Apes is Now!

Monkey See, Monkey Do
Monkey See, Monkey Do

Like something out of a Philip K. Dick novel, Scientists have formed a neural network linking the brains of monkeys and rats in two separate experiments, allowing them to co-operate and learn as a hive-mind or collective consciousness. Reminiscent of the three Wise Monkeys- See no Evil, Hear No Evil Speak No Evil, Scientists have linked together the brains of three monkeys, with the objective of collectively controlling an avatar arm. What does that mean for the advancement of Humanity and Trans-humanism?
In research that raises the prospect of direct brain-to-brain interfaces in humans, the brains of four rats were wired together in a network, enabling the rodents to synchronise their brain activity and collectively solve a simple weather forecasting problem that the braincomputerinterfacerats struggled to complete on their own. The experiments, ultimately promise direct brain to brain communication between humans albeit through technological means, through the intervention of a Brain\ Machine Interface. First proposed by Miguel Nicolelis, of the Duke University in an attempt at allowing amputees and the paralysed to directly control prosthetic limbs and exo-skeletons. These latest advancements could have clinical benefits in brain manipulation and bio-computing. That is a collective brain bank of living organisms not unlike the concepts of the ‘Noosphere‘ first postulated by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in 1922.
These experiments are the most convincing demonstration yet that monkeybrainsbrains, in this case those of animals, can be linked together in direct communication to solve problems. Essentially forming a super-brain, a collective brain created from three monkey brains, which has never been accomplished before.
In the first study, scientists fitted three rhesus macaque monkeys with arrays that could record electrical activity from hundreds of neurons in the motor region of the brain. The monkeys learned, independently, to control the 3D movements of an avatar arm shown on a digital display in front of them, just by imagining moving it. The monkeys were then given joint control of the arm, with each monkey able to control two out of three dimensions, along the x- and y-axis, and their activity made an even contribution to each. Further along in the experiment,the monkeys intuitively started to synchronise their brain activity, allowing them to move the arm collaboratively to reach for a virtual ball on the screen. Even though their brains were not directly wired together.
catbrainThe scientists via two-way electrical connections also successfully linked the brains of rats together that allowed for both the delivery of outside stimulus to neurons and record electrical activity. The system appeared to work, even if one of the three monkeys was temporarily distracted. In another experiment an electrical impulse was delivered to the brain of one rat, and the other rats having synchronised their brain activity, copied the first rat’s brain response, experiencing what the first rat felt, by proxy.
Electro-magnetic Pulses that were intermittently increased ordecreased were delivered to the brains of individual rats, these were identified by the collective hive-mind as representing temperature and barometric pressure information. The rats were able to combine the information to produce a collective output that predicted an increased or decreased chance of rain. Rats scored better on this task when they were linked as a “brain net”, than when individual rats tried to combine the two pieces of initial information – temperature and pressure – to perform the simple calculation alone. The research may be extended to produce neurally connected rat packs with combined super-intelligence.

Computer Brain Interface
Computer Brain Interface

In the future the research could have tremendous benefits for brain rehabilitation in the field of neuro-science. Take for example in Stroke patients, where language abilities might be able to be restored more quickly if a patient’s brain was retrained by directly synchronising with the language regions of the brain of a healthy person. In humans, the link could potentially be made non-invasively using electrodes on the scalp. However at this stage it is unlikely that humans would ever be able to directly share complex mental experiences. The research shows that it is impossible to upload and or download your emotions or personality to a brain-net, as these are not reducible to a digital algorithm.

Computer\Brain Interface
Computer\Brain Interface

Ultimately, people may also decide that wiring themselves up with others whether in a social network or a utilitarian relationship is not entirely desirable. There may be special instances where you’d want a long-term connection with someone – like a Tight- knit Family or a Fire Brigade, But there’s no guarantee that brain-to-brain interfaces will be a sensible thing in practice. Which opens the Pandora’s box of privacy and legislation and the ethics that may or may not support this technology.

Jurassic Mars

Mineral Mining Operation on Earth
Mineral Mining Operation on Earth

About 95 per cent of the world’s opals are mined in Australia’s Red Centre. But scientists now believe they might also exist off-world on Mars.  Scientists believe that Mars may have weathering conditions conducive to opal formation similiar to that of the Earth’s ancient past.  Climactic conditions that created opal in Australia roughly 100 million years ago closely resemble what scientists know about Mars.

Australia’s Great Artisian Basin, once covered by an inland sea, began drying out about 100 million years ago. As this regressed an  period of acidic weathering occured, caused by the exposed pyrite minerals, releasing sulphuric acid.  As the surface cracked, silica-rich gel became trapped in the veins in the rock, which was later covered and protected from weathering by secondary minerals. This allowed the silica to solidify to form opals.  The only other area where similar conditions have been observed is on the surface of Mars.

The Mars Rock Harboring  Fragments of Fire Opal
The Mars Rock Harboring Fragments of Fire Opal

Scientists, with the aid of advances in technological research, have discovered direct physical evidence of the existence of Martian Opal found in a Meteorite that fell to Earth from Mars in 1911. Traces of the opal known on Earth as fire opal could very well be an indicator of the existence of microbial life on the surface of Mars. Opals are often found around hot springs where microbial life can thrive, gemstones can trap and preserve these microbes for millions of years.  The volcanic rocks that make up the meteorite are 1.3 billion years old.

Fire Opal
Fire Opal

The opal was discovered in a portion of Meteorite known as Nakhla, supplied by the Natural History Museum of London by a University of Glasgow team. As well as physical traces of secondary minerals created by water interacting with the minerals olivine and augite. Nakhla was named for the Egyptian town El Nakhla El Bahariya where it was found in 1911, having been ejected from Mars by a massive impact of as yet unknown origin. Supporting the Bid for the existence of Martian Life, several years ago, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter revealed Martian rocks containing a hydrated mineral similar to opal, likely created by the interaction of water with silica. The cumulated data, from rovers, orbital missions and earth-based analyses of Martian meteorites, is providing yet more evidence of Mars’ geological history.  It is the first time that a piece of Mars on Earth has been found to contain opal. It is also supportive of the theory that Water once flowed freely on the Red Planet.

The Shape of Life on Mars
The Shape of Life on Mars

Mars appears to be a dry, barren planet, but the alien world is also remarkably humid, this humidity could be enough to support life, but only if if the water condenses to form short-term puddles in the early morning hours. The discovery of fire Opal fragments within the meteorite is significant due to the fact that it corroborates findings from Nasa’s imaging and exploration of the Martian surface which appeared to show deposits of opal. If Martian microbes existed, it’s possible they too may be preserved in opal deposits on the surface of Mars. Closer study of Martian opals by future missions to Mars could well help us learn more about the planet’s past and whether it once held life.

Space is Realestate

Terraformars40 years after the Apollo missions, we still don’t have a complete picture of the Moon’s economic potential. We are already dependent on orbiting satellites for communication, navigation, weather-forecasting and resource management. But Space travel demands resources, and lots of them. Hydrogen and oxygen for rocket propellant and water to keep astronauts alive. Water has the unfortunate characteristic of being both heavy and incompressible, meaning it’s very difficult and expensive to lift large amounts of it into space. Unless NASA discovers an alternative to powering our spacecraft and defeating gravity, it’s infeasible to carry the rocket fuel that we’d need for the expeditions outside of the Earth. Initiatives that would decrease the burden of its overpopulation and demand for its limited resources. If the colonization and exploration of our solar neighborhood is to become a reality we need some kind of platform, either in near-earth orbit or on the moon from which we can launch these expeditions from.

A Water Mining Robot Proposed for Mars
A Water Mining Robot Proposed for Mars

Space exploration could expose the global economy to potentially unlimited external resources of energy and raw materials. NASA wants to produce water, oxygen, and hydrogen on the Moon and Mars. To colonize other planets, rather than transporting them from Earth it is imperative that we find a way of soliciting these gases and liquids from moons and planets. In 2018 NASA wants to land a rover on the Moon in the hopes that it can extract hydrogen, water, and oxygen so that Curiosity’s successor can convert the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere into oxygen in 2020 when it lands on Mars.

Titanium ore 10 times richer than on Earth
Titanium ore 10 times richer than on Earth

At the same time the Techs at NASA also plan to put a rover on the Moon that will carry the RESOLVE (Regolith and Environment Science and Oxygen & Lunar Volatile Extraction) payload. NASA’s previous experiments uncovered evidence for deposits of water ice and other volatiles trapped in cold ground less than 100 Kelvin or minus 173 degrees Celsius.

RESOLVE will contain the various tools necessary to carry out

Mars Rover
Mars Rover

in-situ experiments, enabling it to sift through the Moon’s loose surface soil and heat it up, looking for traces of hydrogen and oxygen, which can then be combined to make water. RESOLVE will apply this method to the regalith, if there’s water ice on the surface of the Moon, looking for evidence of water vapor coming out of the heated soil. Scientists at NASA know from the early studies of the Apollo samples that the lunar soil contains hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen, and at high latitudes, hydroxide and perhaps water, and these may also be exploitable by the Rover and its support lab. Similarly Curiosity’s successor would have the same payload attached to it, currently being fitted out by NASA and will hopefully launch in 2020. This second IRSU experiment is planned to extract carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere, filter out dust, and then process the CO2 into oxygen.

Future missions planned by the Space Agency include large-scale ISRU devices capable of producing significant amounts of hydrogen, oxygen, and water on the Moon or Mars. This would probably be the most important advance since we first landed on the Moon, and Humanity’s first attempts at bioengineering and terra-forming its solar neighbors. Lunar Surface rocks have been found to contain raw materials such as magnesium, aluminum, silicon, iron and titanium. Other lunar materials which might be imported to the Earth include platinum group elements currently valued at between $20,000 and $50,000 per kilo, extracted from iron meteorites and equally valuable rare-earth elements which are known to be concentrated in some regions of the Moon

An artist Interpretation of a Terraformed Mars
An artist Interpretation of a Terraformed Mars

Scientists are discovering new and invaluable resources trapped beneath the Lunar surface, more than enough materials to justify mining on the moon and establishing a base there to house a colony that could perhaps take them to Mars and do the same there. Consider the importation of lunar resources to the Earth’s surface where they would contribute directly to the global economy. If the Moon can provide us with a platform from which we can explore space than Mars can provide us with the same in the hopes of exploring the moons and gas giants of the outer planets. Who can say what future technologies and Scientific discoveries will bring from siphoning gases from Jupiter or mining the fertile halos of Saturn, all too have moons and contain within the promise of Life.

Obesity’s Magic Bullet

The first step in developing a drug that controls obesity has been undertaken by the Miracle workers of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI), who have identified two compounds that can execute just that in human cells.fat-cell-color-conversion

Chad Cowan the HSCI principal faculty member and his team in conjunction with Harvard affiliate Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), say they have created a system using human stem cells to screen for compounds that have the potential to turn white, or “bad,” fat cells into brown, or “good,” fat cells. 

The road from experimental research to safe product fit for human consumption though, is a long and arduous one.  Point of fact: the two compounds discovered so far target the same molecule, and that molecule plays a role in the inflammatory response. In long-term use, a patient’s immunity could be severely compromised.  This alone should send alarm bells through the medical community, however due to the immediacy in demand for this magic bullet the fruits of this research has already appeared in the form of a treatment approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for rheumatoid arthritis.

To understand the complexity of the problem we need to first

Brown Fat cells within White Fat tissue
Brown Fat cells within White Fat tissue

examine how the process works. White fat cells store energy as lipids, these contribute to obesity, type 2 diabetes, and ultimately heart disease, while brown fat lowers triglyceride levels, reduce the insulin resistance associated with type 2 diabetes, and eliminate white fat.  When the body takes in excess energy, it is stored as lipids in white fat cells. When a body receives too many calories without the balance of those being burned off through activity , adult stem cells in the body produce more white fat cells, adding to a person’s obesity.  What Cowan and his team have discovered are two small molecules that convert fat stem cells, which normally would produce white fat, into brown-like fat cells. These brown-like fat cells burn excess energy and thereby reduce the size and numbers of white fat cells.

fatcellsAnimal Experimentation Research has shown there are some compounds that have this same kind of effect and that when you remove them, the effect goes away. What Cowan’s team’s research has shown was a stable conversion of white fat cells to brown cells.
“You’re constantly replenishing your fat tissue,” Cowan explained, “so if you were on a medication to convert the cells, each new fat cell would be more metabolically active and would convert to brown fat over time,” reducing the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes or any of the other conditions related to a build-up of fat.”

 “We found these two compounds by screening a library of about 1,000 compounds,” Cowan said, “so we know that if we have access to the typical pharmaceutical company library of 1.5 to 2 million compounds, we will find others.”

Cowan is currently in discussion with several pharmaceutical companies about continuing the work.

3D Vaccines: Silicon Snake oil or Miracle Cure-all

novartis-vaccinesWhat happens when you add Medicine, Transhumanism, Nanotechnology, 3-D Vaccines, SEAS, MSR’s, Dendritic cells, HIV, Ebola, Cancer, and Mesoporous Silica, to the subject of Immunology and what does Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D. have to say about it?

As Medicine speeds headlong ever quicker into the Trans-human age, the line between vaccines and Nanotechnology becomes tenuously thin . Particles 100,000 times smaller than the width of a human hair, that are programmable, spontaneously assembling and can access every conceivable fibre of the body, including a placenta are becoming the miracle cure-all of the near future.

Donald Ingber, M.D.
Donald Ingber, M.D.

Enter the development by Scientific Research of “on demand” nano-vaccines using genetically engineered proteins. This development has made it now possible to produce the effect of nano medicine with larger objects. That is, a non-surgical, injectable and spontaneously assembling structure. For example something like a constant 3-D vaccine in the form of a particle cluster injected beneath the skin. One that would manipulate cells, as well as release bio-chemical drug constituents. Sound implausible? -Trials have already been completed on mice.

The Wyss institutes 'Lung on a microchip'
The Wyss institutes ‘Lung on a microchip’

Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) are in the process of developing Injectable, spontaneously assembling, inorganic scaffolds that modulate immune cells in vivo to increase vaccine efficacy.
This technology will allow for the creation of 3D structures using minimally invasive delivery to enrich and activate a host’s immune cells to target and attack harmful cells in vivo. Nano-sized mesoporous silica particles have already been established as useful for manipulating individual cells from the inside, but this is the first time that larger particles, in the micron-sized range, are used to create a 3D in vivo scaffold that can recruit and attract tens of millions of immune cells.

Known as MSRs or mesoporous silica rods, miniscule biodegradable

The Smallpox virus
The Smallpox virus

rod-like structures made from silica, , can be charged with biological and chemical drug components and then delivered by needle just below the skin. The rods spontaneously assemble at the vaccination point to form a three-dimensional scaffold. When a harmful presence is detected, surveillance cells that monitor the body and trigger an immune response pass through the porous spaces in the stack of MSRs that are large enough to recruit and fill up with dendritic cells. Synthesized in the lab, the MSRs are built with small holes, known as nano-pores, inside. The nano-pores can be filled with specific cytokines, oligonucleotides, large protein antigens, or any variety of drugs of interest to allow a vast number of possible combinations to treat a range of infections.

Once the drugs contained in the MSRs are released, which initiates


an immune response, the activated dendritic cells leave the scaffold and travel to the lymph nodes, where they raise alarm and direct the body’s immune system to attack the offending cells, such as cancerous cells. At the site of the injection, the MSRs biodegrade and dissolve naturally within a few months. By tuning the surface properties and pore size of the MSRs Researchers hope to also manipulate the immune system and control the introduction and release of various proteins and drugs by proxy.

Using this technology makes the manufacture of these vaccines relatively easily and rapidly so that they could potentially be widely available very quickly in the event of an emerging pandemic. The usefulness and practicality of these 3D vaccines is in their mobility their injectable nature makes them easy to administer both inside the operating environment and outside in the field.


Could the Cure for indiscriminate worldwide killers like HIV, Ebola and cancers lay in the promise of Nano-technology, and is the cost of this miracle cure-all the robotization of the human body. Is Trans-humanism, amalgamation and symbiosis between the natural and mechanical world the only future for Humanity? -Modern Medicine thinks so. As Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D. says. “These injectable 3D vaccines offer a minimally invasive and scalable way to deliver therapies that work by mimicking the body’s own powerful immune-response in diseases that have previously been able to skirt immune detection.” But isn’t this what a healthy diet, regular exercise, purified drinking water, clean air do?

Enter the Age of Super-Conductivity

Enter the first meta-material superconductor: and the age of miracle machines.
Levitation under Superconductivity
Levitation under Superconductivity

The near magical properties of super conductivity could completely revolutionize power distribution, power storage, electric motors, computers, and more. Garnering almost mythical status in the world of electronics, magnetism, and quantum mechanics, superconductivity is the holy grail of the 21st Century.

Materials science, is the study of the properties of matter. It is the study of how the structure of a material at an atomic scale affects its properties. Because this science relies on being able to inspect and manipulate matter at a nano-scale, and our machines and tools are only just starting to reach that capability, this is a relatively new field. The last few years have been the most exciting for the fledgling science as engineers finally discover why and how materials behave the way they do — and use this knowledge to create new materials that behave in unusual ways.
Meta-materials are manufactured materials that exhibit un-natural

Superconductors Assist In Astronomical Observation
Superconductors Assist In Astronomical Observation

properties. The most common example of which is negative refraction: Every known material in nature, has a positive refractive index. This means it always bends light a certain way. Meta-materials however can bend light in the opposite direction. These materials have led to some interesting applications, such as invisibility cloaks. Consequently, having done the same thing with superconductors: researchers have tweaked a compound in the lab, meta-material-style, to raise its critical temperature, at Towson University, the University of Maryland, and the Naval Research Laboratory. This empirical, deliberate approach marks a very different direction from usual superconductor research, which up until now has consisted mostly of theoretical guesswork. Now however the research has moved into the realm of practical, albeit experimental demonstration of superconducting critical behaviors in electromagnetic meta-materials.

CERN Super-Collider: Luvata has been producing Niobium-based Super-conducting wires and cables for more than 30 years
CERN Super-Collider: Luvata has been producing Niobium-based Super-conducting wires and cables for more than 30 years

Superconducting magnets are already used in MRI machines and particle accelerators like CERN’s LHC, and are being considered for advanced maglev trains.When cooled to a critical temperature, the electrical resistance of some materials, instantly drops to zero and magnetic fields are completely ejected.  Zero electrical resistance means that a current can flow around a superconducting coil indefinitely,without any applied voltage for an estimated 100,000 years. Unfortunately, yet discovered, the hottest superconductor still needs to be cooled to around -140 Celsius (133 Kelvin, -220 Fahrenheit) without cryogenic cooling, making super-conductivity non- feasible for everyday use. Some US researchers now, however, may have discovered the key to room-temperature superconductors:
In theory, This is the great leap forward in the quest for the creation of one of the most powerful, valuable, and elusive materials in the world: a room-temperature superconductor. A lot of work is being done into so-called “high-temperature superconductivity,” but the best anyone has managed is a critical temperature of -140C — HgBa2Ca2Cu3Ox (HBCCO). While superconductors are already used extensively in science and medicine, the fact that they need to be kept at cryogenic (below -150C) temperatures makes them very expensive and unwieldy.

Magnetically propelled Mag-lev commuter Train
Magnetically propelled Mag-lev commuter Train

Research into this relatively new science is still in its infant stages. But advances in meta-material-like manipulation techniques has enabled scientists to raise the critical temperature of tin by 0.15 Kelvin. Little is still known, especially about high-temperature superconductors, researches believe the “layers” of these complex compounds act like the electron equivalent of optical waveguides, steering electrons through the material with zero resistance. This new research might help us understand these high-temperature superconductors a little better, and maybe also to tweak them to move the critical temperature ever closer to room temperature. Still, in the realm of quantum mechanics where almost nothing is known about why or how superconductivity exists in the first place, it’s big news.

 combining a low-temperature Superconductor with a dielectric material to create a meta-material
combining a low-temperature Superconductor with a dielectric material to create a meta-material

The practical applications of this science will positively impact on the way in which we will globally. When we eventually tap the secrets of superconductivity we can expect many facets of life to change very rapidly and exponentially. Superconducting power lines could save billions of dollars in transmission losses — or allow for the building of world-spanning super grids. We could replace every transport system with cheap, super-fast maglev trains. It might even allow for cloaking devices. The proverbial ceiling, according to the latest research is limitless.